orienteering is an orienteering discipline
centered around map reading in natural
terrain. The discipline has been developed
to offer everyone, including people
with limited mobility, a chance to participate
in a meaningful orienteering competition.
Manual or electric wheel chairs, walking
sticks, and assistance with movement
etc. are permitted as speed of movement
is not part of the competition.
Trail orienteers must identify on the
ground control points shown on the map.
As this is done from a distance, both
able-bodied and participants with disabilities
compete on level terms. Proof of correct
identification of the control points
does not require any manual dexterity,
allowing those with severely restricted
movement to compete equally. Most trail
orienteering events have classes open
European Championships in trail orienteering
have been organised every year since
1994. Athletes who cannot participate
on reasonably equal terms in the sport
for able-bodied people because of a
functional disadvantage due to a permanent
disability are eligible for the event
(i.e. the same criterion as for participation
in the Paralympics).
The first ever World Cup in trail orienteering
was held in 1999.
MOBILITY AIDS: Any recognised mobility
aids, apart from a combustion engine
vehicle, are permitted. Requested physical
assistance is also permitted.
MAP: The competitor interprets the map
to choose which one of the control markers
in the terrain represents the one marked
at the map.
CONTROL CARD: Trail orienteers use a
multiple choice control card.